KoÃ§ Holding A.S., through its subsidiaries, engages in the energy, automotive, consumer durables, finance, and other businesses in Turkey and internationally. The company's energy business operates petroleum refineries; distributes petroleum products and liquefied petroleum gases; and generates electricity through hydroelectric, natural gas, coal, thermal, and solar power and other renewable plants. It serves customers under the Akpa, Aygaz, Lipetgaz, Mogaz, Pursu, Aygaz Dogalaz, Demir Export, Ditas, Opet Fuchs, Opet, THY Opet, Tupras, and Entek brand names. The company's automotive business provides light commercial vehicles, passenger cars, tractors, buses, and trucks, as well as offers automotive retailing and car rental services. It serves customers under the KoÃ§ Fiat Kredi, Otokar, OtokoÃ§, Otoeksper, OtokoÃ§ Otomotiv, OtokoÃ§ Sigorta, Tofas, and TÃ¼rkTraktÃ¶r brand names, as well as trademarks through licensing agreements, such as Ford, Birmot, Budget, Avis, Alfa Romeo, Lancia, Fiat, Jeep, Maserati, Ferrari, New Holland, and CASE IH. The company's consumer durables business offers white goods, televisions, and air conditioners under the ArÃ§elik, Beko, Leisure, Arctic, Altus, Blomberg, Defy, Elektra Bregenz, Flavel, and ArÃ§elik LG brand names. Its finance business provides various banking and financial products and services that include private banking, mutual funds, leasing, and credit cards under the KoÃ§finans, Yapi Kredi Bankasi, Yapi Kredi Faktoring, Yapi Kredi Leasing, Yapi Kredi KÃ¼ltÃ¼r Sanat Yayincilik, Yapi Kredi PortfÃ¶y YÃ¶netimi, Yapi Kredi Yatirim, Yapi Kredi Koray, and Yapi Kredi Bankasi brand names. The company's other business offers tomato products and pastes, canned pickles, and ketchups; and pasteurized milk, as well as do it yourself retailing and marina services under various brand names. The company was founded in 1926 and is headquartered in Istanbul, Turkey.