Nikon Corporation manufactures and sells optical instruments in Japan and internationally. It operates through three segments: Imaging Products Business, Precision Equipment Business, and Healthcare Business. The Imaging Products Business segment develops, manufacture, sells, and services digital SLR cameras, compact digital cameras, and interchangeable camera lenses. The Precision Equipment Business segment develops, manufacture, sells, and services FPD lithography systems for the manufacturing of liquid crystal panels and OLED panels; and semiconductor lithography systems for the production of semiconductors. The Healthcare Business segment develops, manufactures, sells, and services biological microscopes, cell culture observation systems, and ultra-wide field retinal imaging devices. This segment also engages in the regenerative medicine/drug discovery support business. In addition, the company is involved in the development, manufacturing, sale, and services of industrial microscopes, measuring instruments, non-contact 3D metrology systems, X-ray/CT inspection systems, and surveying instruments; and customized products, glass, encoders, and ophthalmic lenses businesses, as well as manufacture and sale of photomask substrates, camera components, sport optics products, and molded optical glasses. Further, it develops and supports computer software. The company was formerly known as Nippon Kogaku K.K. and changed its name to Nikon Corporation in 1988. Nikon Corporation was founded in 1917 and is headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.