Treasury Wine Estates Limited operates as a wine company primarily in Australia, New Zealand, Asia, Europe, and the Americas. It engages in the viticulture and winemaking; and marketing, sale, and distribution of wine. The company's wine portfolio includes luxury, masstige, and commercial wine brands, such as Penfolds, Beringer, Lindeman's, Wolf Blass, 19 Crimes, Chateau St Jean, Beaulieu Vineyard, Stags' Leap, and Sterling Vineyards. It also provides contract bottling services to third parties. The company owns and leases 8,676 planted hectares of vineyards primarily in Barossa Valley and Coonawarra, Australia; 498 planted hectares of vineyards in Marlborough, New Zealand; and owns and operates 3,213 planted hectares in various viticultural regions in California, including Napa and Sonoma Valleys, as well as 193 hectares in Italy. It markets and sells its products to distributors, wholesalers, retails chains, independent retailers, and on premise outlets, as well as directly to consumers. The company was founded in 1843 and is headquartered in Melbourne, Australia.